© 2016 / Samuel Turpin

Greenland

The dilemma of ice

The Molgaard family is a fishing family on the west coast of Greenland, in Disko Bay.

Humans & ClimateChange Stories met them for the first time in August 2017, when the summer fishing season was in full swing, and before winter comes frozing the water sea.

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Hanne - Niels'wife

Hanne is the village teacher. She moved to Qeqertaq in 1989. In addition to her position, she manages the small family grocery store. She has becomen the contact of the few guides who lead kayak expeditions in the bay.

Niels :
Head of the family
Hanne : 
Niels' wife
Maali : 
Niels' daughter

Niels - The head of the family

Niels was always a hunter and then a fisherman in the village of Qeqertaq, where he was born. His universe is the sea, the ice, and frozen lands. He can not imagine doing anything else.

Maali - 17 - Niels & Hanne youngest daugther

She grew up in Qeqertaq until she left for the high school. She was 13 years old. She has just completed two years of study in Denmark thanks to scholarships. She leaves at the end of the summer towards the university of Aasiat.

Greenland

Population : 56 000  

Capital : Nuuk (17 000)

Head of State : Kim Kielsen

Region of Denmark 

 Long ignored, the Arctic has become an important geopolitical space. The melting ice, accelerated by global warming, has sparked competition and speculation around the important mineral resources - including rare earth and uranium - and hydrocarbons that the Arctic could harbor, as well as around new commercial shipping routes that would significantly reduce current distances. 

Greenland, eager to overcome its economic - and ultimately political - dependence vis-à-vis Denmark, is today faced with a dilemma: the exploitation of resources that are challenging to harvest versus the preservation of its environment which is central to all Inuit culture. 

 

The current situation has seemed to temper hopes of the Greenland authorities. Three major oil companies have abandoned their exploration license in 2016. There is too much risk and investments are not profitable enough in the current economic context. Greenland is basing its hopes on the fishing sector, which accounts for 90% of its exports, and is the main livelihood for the rural population. This increases the risk of encouraging intensive fishing and these resources are themselves changing due to climate change. The consequences could be disastrous for the fisherman who know how to adapt, and yet have few opportunities for reconversion.

Read the story and meet

Niels, Hanne, Maali and Arnatsiaq

CHAPTER #1

Area

2 166 086 km2

Density 

0,03 hab/km²

Pop growth

 -0,2 % (2015)

HDI (2014)

0,927

PPP 

39 569 USD

PP growth/year

1,66% (2015)

96,1% of christians

3,9% other

Agriculture

4%

Industry

29%

Services

67%